Jacobites part 2

Historical date: 
1688 - 1746

 << Jacobites part 1

In 1719 there was some support from the Spanish, they had tried to invade England with a large force but their ships were battered by the harsh weather with many ships having to return back to Spain. A tiny diversionary force of two frigates and just over three hundred Spanish infantrymen, which was to have distracted British forces from the target of the main expedition, reached Scotland. This force was joined by a group of Jacobite exiles from France. Squabbling soon broke out among the leadership. When they received the news that the main force would not reach England there was argument for and against returning to Spain, the logical thing to do given that their small force was now meaningless, was to return to Spain.

The faction, which was for fighting anyway, won the day. There was little support from the clans, though the famous Rob Roy Macgregor appeared with a handful of men. In all, about a thousand men made up the Jacobite army, which faced a British government force of about the same size, which had marched down from Inverness to meet them. On June 10th they fought in Glenshiel, where the Jacobites had erected rough defences. The government force brought artillery to bear on the enemy before routing them. The Jacobite clansmen disappeared into the Highlands and the Spaniards surrendered. The farcical 1719 'invasion' was over.

This brings us back to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the uprising of 1745. The prince raised his standard at Glenfinnan on the 19th of August 1745 there he was joined by Cameron of Locheil (it was said that if Locheil had not joined the Prince, many others wouldn’t have joined the Princes cause) the Prince led his followers into a very successful campaign, they captured Perth and the City of Edinburgh and defeated a government army at Prestonpans also known as Gladsmuir.

The prince then set his mind to capturing the crown of the United Kingdom and set forth for London, on the way they captured Carlisle Castle and the town, they then used the Castle as a garrison. When the Jacobite army got to Manchester they managed to recruit 200 men, they were to form the Prince’s Manchester regiment, the Prince pressed further south this time, stopping at Derby in early December. They took Derby without losing a single man, the local militia known as the Derby Blues, ran at the sight of the Jacobite army. The Prince was to wait at Derby for his re-enforcements. The French had promised more money and men and the Cornish and Welsh Jacobites were on the march as well. The longer the Prince waited, the more men he lost. Many sneaking off under the cover of darkness to make their way back to their crofts and homes.

Jacobites part 3 >>

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